Tap water samples from the toilets of an Italian national railway train were collected over a period of 10 months and tested for the presence of Cyclospora cayetanensis (C. cayetanensis) using EvaGreen® real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) assay coupled with high resolution melting (HRM) analysis for protozoan detection and oocyst quantification. C. cayetanensis positive samples were detected in March, April, and May 2013, with the number of oocysts of 4, 5, and 11 per liter, respectively. This is the first finding of C. cayetanensis in water samples in Italy. The findings call for an improvement of hygiene and water safety by the Italian national railway company.
- Cyclospora cayetanensis
- real-time PCR
- tap water
- First received 28 March 2014.
- Accepted in revised form 15 July 2014.
- © IWA Publishing 2015